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Human Biospecimens

Human Biofluids for Research in Nebraska

With Nebraska Access, you gain the opportunity to access a wide range of blood and non-blood biofluids from both healthy and ill individuals. Moreover, you can explore numerous analytes along with their associated test results through iBioSpecimen.

iBioSpecimen streamlines the procurement process, allowing you to obtain clinical residual, banked, and prospectively collected biofluids with ease. Our aim is to aid you in finding the perfect specimen and data match for your research, even including samples with rare patient characteristics. To achieve this, we grant you access to our diverse, global network of providers. With Nebraska Access, the possibilities for advancing your studies are boundless!

What biofluids do you need for your research? Let us know how we can help.
Human Biofluids for Research in USA

Whole Blood

With Nebraska Access, whether you need 10 samples or tens of thousands, we have the capability to rapidly source them for you. Our process adheres to established standard operating procedures, where we collect whole blood, drawing up to 500 mL of venous blood into either a collection bag or various types of tubes. Your research needs are our priority, and we're here to provide a seamless and efficient biofluid procurement experience for you.

Serum & Plasma

In addition to de-identified patient-level data, Nebraska offers the opportunity to acquire serum and plasma samples from highly diverse and specialized patient groups. These samples undergo processing and centrifugation according to your specific instructions and are then provided in a fresh or frozen state.

Buffy Coats

In Nebraska, you have access to fresh or frozen human tissues collected from a wide range of sources, including healthy donors, cancer patients undergoing unique treatments, and donors with specialized expertise, such as those with CT scans, serology, and defined medical conditions.

Swabbed Samples

In Nebraska, you can find an extensive variety of swabs for different purposes. Whether you need nasopharyngeal, buccal, ocular, ear, vaginal, or other types of swabs, we can help you locate the exact specimen you require. Our services cater to a wide range of individuals, from healthy persons to transplant patients and beyond. Just share your requirements with us, and we'll handle the rest efficiently.


In Nebraska, the collection of urine samples from both healthy and diseased individuals offers valuable insights into diagnostic markers, disease progression, and treatment response. These urine samples can be obtained from pre-existing banked sources or collected prospectively. The delivery options include providing fresh samples or utilizing frozen ones, depending on your specific requirements.

Stool Samples

Collect feces samples that have been frozen or kept fresh using a variety of preservatives from around the world. Investigate the differences between the microbiomes of healthy and sick tissue, IBD phases, parasite phenotypes, and other cohorts.

Cerebrospinal Fluid

You can access a variety of patient demographics and geographical areas by using cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from all around the world. Obtain samples that have been frozen or taken prospectively at particular times, such as at baseline and after a procedure or therapy.


Even though saliva is regarded as one of the most readily available and accessible samples, procuring it for populations that are difficult to access can be challenging. We can get tests as indicated by your patient particulars and exact conventions for test assortment, taking care of, and transport.


For a wide range of respiratory diseases, infectious diseases, healthy donors, and other conditions, obtain sputum samples that meet your quality metrics, collection protocols, and donor requirements. We'll deal with the obtaining and the agreements, permitting you to zero in on your examination.

Finding the Right Biofluids for Your Research

ibiospecimen Marketplace is a fast, compliant, revolutionary one-stop access to millions of human biofluids and patients from a diverse network of providers

What human biofluids are commonly used for research in Nebraska?

Nebraska, being known for its diverse ecosystem and unique population, presents an excellent opportunity for research studies. When it comes to Human Biofluids for Research in Nebraska, researchers often rely on a few key specimens for their studies.

1. Blood: Blood is one of the most widely used biofluids in research, and Nebraska is no exception. Blood samples can provide valuable insights into various health aspects, including genetic markers, hormone levels, and disease diagnosis. Researchers in Nebraska utilize blood samples to study population health, infectious diseases, and genetic predispositions.

2. Urine: Urine is another commonly used biofluid in research, given its non-invasive collection method. It can offer clues about kidney function, metabolic disorders, and environmental exposures. In Nebraska, urine samples have been utilized to study the impact of environmental changes, such as climate variations and pollution, on human health.

3. Saliva: Saliva is gaining popularity as a biofluid for research purposes due to its ease of collection and potential for various analyses. In Nebraska, saliva samples have been used to study oral health, genetic variations, and stress-related biomarkers. Saliva-based research can provide valuable insights into population-specific health issues and help develop targeted interventions.

4. Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF): CSF is a clear, colorless biofluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. While CSF collection requires a specialized procedure, it is a valuable resource for studying neurological disorders and brain function. In Nebraska, CSF samples have been used to study conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and traumatic brain injuries. Researchers can analyze CSF to understand the biomarkers associated with these disorders and develop potential treatments or diagnostic tools.

5. Breastmilk: Breastmilk is a unique biofluid that provides important nutrients and antibodies to infants. In Nebraska, researchers have studied breastmilk to understand maternal health, infant nutrition, and the transmission of infectious diseases. Breastmilk analysis can provide insights into the impact of environmental factors, such as contaminants or diet, on infant and maternal health.

6. Sweat: Sweat is an often-overlooked biofluid that can provide valuable information about an individual’s health and physical activity. In Nebraska, researchers have used sweat samples to study heat stress, dehydration, and metabolic disorders. Sweat analysis can help identify markers of physiological stress and guide interventions for individuals living or working in extreme environmental conditions.

These are just a few examples of the human biofluids commonly used for research in Nebraska. Each biofluid offers unique insights into human health and can contribute to developing diagnostic tools, treatments, and interventions. Researchers in Nebraska continue to explore the potential of these biofluids to improve our understanding of various health conditions and promote better health outcomes for the population.

What research studies have used human biofluids in Nebraska?

Nebraska, known for its unique wildlife and pristine landscapes, has also contributed to various research studies involving human biofluids. These studies have utilized samples from the native population as well as individuals residing in urban areas. Understanding the diseases and health conditions prevalent in this region can provide valuable insights into the impact of environmental factors and lifestyle on human health. Here are some examples of research studies that have used human biofluids in Nebraska:

1. The Nebraska Native Tribal Health Consortium (ANTHC) conducted a study to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with chronic diseases among Nebraska Native people. Biofluid samples, including blood and urine, were collected from participants across different regions in Nebraska. This study aimed to identify biomarkers and genetic factors that contribute to the high prevalence of diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular conditions in this population.

2. A research project conducted by the University of Nebraska Fairbanks focused on studying the effects of climate change on human health in rural Nebraska. Biofluid samples, such as blood and saliva, were collected from individuals living in remote communities. The study aimed to understand the impact of changing environmental conditions, including temperature and food availability, on the occurrence of infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies.

3. The Arctic Investigations Program (AIP), a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has conducted several studies using human biofluids in Nebraska. These studies have primarily focused on infectious diseases prevalent in the Arctic region, such as tuberculosis and respiratory infections. Biofluid samples, including sputum and respiratory secretions, were collected to analyze the presence of pathogens and understand the transmission patterns of these diseases within the population.

Why are human biofluids important in research studies?

Human biofluids, such as blood, urine, saliva, and respiratory samples, contain valuable information about an individual’s health status. Analyzing these biofluids can help researchers identify biomarkers, genetic factors, and disease-causing agents that contribute to various health conditions. By studying biofluids, researchers can:

1. Identify disease biomarkers: Biofluids can provide insights into the presence of specific molecules or substances that indicate the presence of a disease or its progression. For example, analyzing blood samples can help identify elevated levels of certain enzymes or proteins that are associated with diseases like diabetes or cardiovascular conditions.

2. Study genetic factors: Biofluids can be used to analyze an individual’s genetic makeup and identify specific genetic variations that may contribute to the development of diseases. This information can help in understanding the genetic basis of diseases and developing personalized treatment approaches.

3. Understand the impact of environmental factors: By analyzing biofluid samples from individuals living in specific geographic regions, researchers can study the impact of environmental factors, such as climate change or pollution, on human health. This information can help in developing strategies to mitigate the health risks associated with environmental changes.

4. Monitor treatment effectiveness: Biofluids can be used to monitor the effectiveness of a particular treatment or medication. By analyzing changes in biofluid composition over time, researchers can assess whether a treatment is effectively addressing the underlying health condition. This information can aid in optimizing treatment plans and improving patient outcomes.

How are human biofluids collected for research studies?

Human biofluids can be collected through various non-invasive or minimally invasive methods. Some common methods include:

1. Blood collection: Blood samples are typically collected through a venipuncture procedure, where a healthcare professional inserts a needle into a vein, usually in the arm, to draw blood. This procedure is relatively quick and safe, with minimal discomfort for the patient.

2. Urine collection: Urine samples are collected by asking patients to provide a midstream urine sample in a sterile container. This method is non-invasive and convenient for patients, as it can be done at home or in a healthcare facility.

3. Saliva collection: Saliva samples can be collected by asking patients to spit into a sterile tube or by using collection devices that stimulate saliva production. Saliva collection is a non-invasive method and is particularly useful for studying oral health conditions or genetic factors.

4. Respiratory sample collection: Respiratory samples, such as sputum or respiratory secretions, can be collected through coughing or by using specialized devices that capture these samples. This method is commonly used for studying respiratory infections or lung diseases.

It is important to note that biofluid collection for research purposes follows strict ethical guidelines to ensure patient privacy, safety, and informed consent.

What methods are used to collect human biofluids for research in Nebraska?

In Nebraska, various methods are used to collect human biofluids for research purposes. These biofluids, such as blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid, provide valuable insights into the health and well-being of individuals for diagnostic and research purposes. Here are some methods commonly employed for collecting these biofluids:

1. Venipuncture: Venipuncture, also known as blood draw, is a widely used method to collect blood samples. A healthcare professional uses a needle to puncture a vein, typically in the arm, and collects the blood into a sterile tube or container. This method allows for the analysis of various components of blood, including red and white blood cells, platelets, and serum.

2. Urine Collection: Urine samples can provide valuable information about kidney function, urinary tract infections, and other systemic conditions. Collection methods may involve providing a midstream urine sample in a sterile cup or using specialized collection devices for specific purposes, such as 24-hour urine collection to measure certain substances over a specific time period.

3. Saliva Collection: Saliva contains numerous biomarkers that can provide insights into oral health, hormone levels, and certain diseases. Collection methods often involve spitting into a sterile container or using specialized collection devices, such as swabs or collection kits.

4. Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Collection: CSF is a clear fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Collection of CSF is a specialized procedure typically performed by a healthcare professional. It involves inserting a needle into the lower back, in a procedure called a lumbar puncture, to collect a small amount of CSF for analysis. This method is commonly used to diagnose and monitor conditions such as meningitis, brain tumors, and certain neurological disorders.

5. Sweat Collection: Sweat contains various metabolites and markers that can provide insights into hydration status, electrolyte balance, and certain diseases. Collection methods may involve using specialized devices that stimulate sweat production, such as iontophoresis or sweat patches, to collect sweat samples for analysis.

These are just a few examples of the methods used to collect human biofluids for research purposes in Nebraska. It is important to note that these procedures should be performed by trained healthcare professionals following strict protocols to ensure the safety and well-being of the individuals involved.

If you are a patient seeking blood tests in Delhi for diagnostic purposes, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional or a diagnostic laboratory that follows ethical guidelines and ensures patient privacy and safety. They will be able to guide you on the appropriate method of biofluid collection for your specific needs.

How are human biofluids for research in Nebraska stored, processed, and distributed?

Human biofluids for research in Nebraska are stored, processed, and distributed following strict protocols to ensure the integrity of the samples and the accuracy of the research findings. First, the biofluids, such as blood, urine, and saliva, are collected from individuals who have consented to participate in the research study.

Once collected, the biofluid samples are transported to a designated laboratory facility where they are carefully stored under appropriate conditions to maintain their stability. This typically involves keeping the samples at low temperatures, such as -80 degrees Celsius, to preserve the biological molecules and prevent degradation.

In the laboratory, the biofluids go through a thorough processing stage. This includes centrifugation, which separates the different components of the biofluid, such as plasma, serum, or cells. After separation, each component is carefully aliquoted or divided into smaller, standardized volumes that are suitable for different types of analysis.

The processed biofluid samples are then labeled and cataloged in a secure database, ensuring traceability and confidentiality. Proper labeling allows researchers to easily identify and retrieve specific samples for analysis.

When it comes to distribution, the biofluid samples are carefully packaged and shipped to collaborating research institutions or laboratories, both within Nebraska and outside. This transportation process follows strict regulations to maintain the integrity of the samples, including the use of temperature-controlled containers and proper documentation.

Once received by the recipient laboratory, the samples are stored and handled following similar protocols to those in Nebraska. This ensures consistency and comparability of results.

How has the use of human biofluids for research in Nebraska evolved over time?

Over the years, the use of human biofluids for research in Nebraska has seen significant advancements and developments. These biofluids, including blood, urine, and saliva, have become valuable resources for scientific studies aimed at understanding various aspects of human health and disease.

Initially, the use of human biofluids in Nebraska was primarily limited to clinical settings, where they were collected for diagnostic purposes. These biofluid samples were primarily used to measure basic biochemical markers, such as blood glucose levels or kidney function, to aid in the diagnosis and management of diseases.

However, with advancements in scientific research and technology, the utilization of human biofluids has expanded to support a wide range of research studies. Researchers now recognize the immense potential of biofluids in exploring genetic, molecular, and proteomic markers associated with various diseases.

One significant development in the use of human biofluids for research in Nebraska is the establishment of biobanks. These biobanks systematically collect, store, and distribute biofluid samples from a large number of individuals. These repositories play a crucial role in facilitating research by providing researchers with a diverse range of samples and associated data.

The advancements in genomic and proteomic technologies have also revolutionized the use of human biofluids for research purposes. Scientists can now analyze biofluid samples to identify genetic variations, detect specific molecules associated with diseases, and monitor treatment responses.

What are the safety considerations for handling human biofluids?

When it comes to handling human biofluids, safety is of utmost importance to protect both the healthcare professionals and the patients involved. Here are some key safety considerations for handling human biofluids, such as blood, urine, and saliva:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Healthcare professionals should always wear appropriate PPE, including gloves, lab coats, masks, and eye protection, when handling biofluids. This helps minimize the risk of exposure to potentially infectious materials.

2. Training and Education: Proper training and education should be provided to all healthcare professionals involved in handling biofluids. This includes understanding the proper techniques for collection, transportation, and disposal of biofluid samples.

3. Hygiene and Handwashing: Healthcare professionals must maintain good personal hygiene by washing their hands thoroughly with soap and water before and after handling biofluids. Hand sanitizers can also be used if soap and water are not readily available.

4. Contamination Prevention: Measures should be taken to prevent the contamination of biofluid samples. This includes using sterile collection containers and needles, and ensuring that the collection site is properly cleaned and disinfected before sample collection.

5. Proper Labeling and Documentation: All biofluid samples should be appropriately labeled with patient information, collection date, and time. Accurate documentation of the handling and transportation of biofluid samples is essential for proper tracking and traceability.

6. Proper Disposal: Biofluid samples and related materials should be disposed of according to the guidelines set by regulatory authorities and healthcare facilities. This may include using biohazard bags or containers for disposal and following specific protocols for the safe handling and disposal of biohazardous waste.

7. Infection Control Measures: Healthcare professionals should follow proper infection control measures to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. This includes using appropriate disinfectants for cleaning equipment and surfaces, practicing proper respiratory hygiene, and following standard precautions.

8. Risk Assessment and Management: It is important to conduct a risk assessment to identify potential hazards and implement appropriate risk management measures. This may involve implementing engineering controls, such as safety cabinets or biological safety cabinets, to minimize the risk of exposure.

9. Regular Monitoring and Auditing: Regular monitoring and auditing should be conducted to ensure compliance with safety protocols and identify areas for improvement. This may include regular inspections of equipment, review of documentation, and feedback from healthcare professionals.

10. Emergency Response: Healthcare facilities should have emergency response plans in place to handle any accidents or incidents related to the handling of biofluids. This may include protocols for spills, exposure incidents, and proper communication and reporting procedures.

By following these safety considerations, healthcare professionals can ensure the safe handling of human biofluids and minimize the risk of exposure to infectious materials. It is crucial to prioritize safety in order to protect the well-being of both healthcare professionals and patients.


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